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Agricultural Education
Advanced Biological Plant Science
Advanced Plant Biological Science is a one-credit course for students with interests in higher-level, science-based plant agriculture. Course benchmarks include those of biological science. Content includes principles of plant growth, cell structure and functions, heredity and genetics (molecular biology), plant breeding and improvement, hormones and growth regulators, chemical nature of plant life, flower structure and function, seed formation and germination, DNA and biotechnology, and emerging technologies. Students will use the scientific methods to investigate a plant problem. FFA and supervised experience will be included as appropriate.
Kurt Murray
(405) 743-5489
Introduction to Agriscience

Unit APS1: The importance of plants (7

Benchmark APS1-1: Students will
describe the roles of plants in our world.

Benchmark APS1-2: Students will discuss
the origin of cultured plants.

Benchmark APS1-3: Students will
identify trends in plant biological science as applied in agriculture and

Benchmark APS1-4: Students will explain
the importance of methods used in studying plant biological science.

Unit APS2: Career entry and advancement
in plant biological science industries (4 hours)

Benchmark APS2-1: Students will
identify occupations and needed competencies in plant biological science and
associated industries.

Benchmark APS2-2: Students will discuss
important interpersonal skills for success in plant biological science.

Unit APS3: Plant biological science
safety (3 hours)

Benchmark APS3-1: Students will assess
safety situations with plant biological science and choose appropriate safety

Benchmark APS3-2: Students will
properly select, use, and maintain personal protective equipment when working
in plant biological science.

Unit APS4: The scientific method and
research (12 hours)

Benchmark APS4-1: Students will explain
the meaning and importance of research in plant biological science and
distinguish between basic and applied research.

Benchmark APS4-2: Students will
describe the process of the scientific method.

Benchmark APS4-3: Students will explain
the identification of problems suitable for experimentation.

Benchmark APS4-4: Students will prepare
a hypothesis for an investigation in plant science.

Benchmark APS4-5: Students will design
and carry out an experiment with plant science that includes independent
variables, dependent variables, and controls.

Benchmark APS4-6: Students will
describe how to report the findings of research, including the use of
appropriate narrative, graphs, visual representations, and mathematical

Unit APS5: Plant anatomy and physiology
(10 hours)

Benchmark APS5-1: Students will
identify and explain the functions of vegetative structures of plants.

Benchmark APS5-2: Students will
identify and explain functions of reproductive structures of plants.

Benchmark APS5-3: Students will explain
life processes of plants.

Benchmark APS5-4: Students will
identify nutrients needed for plant growth and the effects of nutrient
deficiencies on plant productivity.

Benchmark APS5-5: Students will relate
plant anatomy and physiology to productivity.

Unit APS6: Plant taxonomy (10 hours)

Benchmark APS6-1: Students will define
methods of plant classification.

Benchmark APS6-2: Students will apply
taxonomic classification with various plants in the local area.

Benchmark APS6-3: Students will use common
and binomial nomenclature with various plants found in the local area.

Unit APS7: Plant cells (17 hours)

Benchmark APS7-1: Students will
identify and discuss the functions of plant cell structures.

Benchmark APS7-2: Students will
describe processes in the cell cycle, including mitosis and meiosis.

Benchmark APS7-3: Students will explain
cell differentiation and development in multicellular plant organisms.

Benchmark APS7-4: Students will
describe cellular processes, including photosynthesis and respiration, and
relate the processes to agriculture and horticulture.

Benchmark APS7-5: Students will explain
the roles of enzymes and nucleic acid in cellular activities.

Benchmark APS7-6: Students will use
appropriate equipment to observe cells and organisms and classify what has been

Unit APS8: Plant genetics and heredity
(24 hours)

Benchmark APS8-1: Students will explain
the meaning and importance of genetics and heredity with agricultural and
horticultural plants.

Benchmark APS8-2: Students will
describe the use of Mendelian genetics and how genetic outcomes are predicted.

Benchmark APS8-3: Students will explain
the molecular basis of heredity.

Benchmark APS8-4: Students will relate
the functions of cells to DNA.

Benchmark APS8-5: Students will discuss
the sorting and recombination of genetic traits resulting from plant sexual

Benchmark APS8-6: Students will explain
the meaning and role of plant breeding to produce crosses and hybrids.

Benchmark APS8-7: Students will relate
the role and methods of genetic engineering in agricultural and horticultural

Benchmark APS8-8: Students will explain
concepts of biological diversity and adaptation as related to agricultural and
horticultural plants.

Unit APS9: Plant reproduction (13

Benchmark APS9-1: Students will explain
the processes in plant sexual reproduction.

Benchmark APS9-2: Students will
identify the kinds and uses of asexual reproduction with plants.

Benchmark APS9-3: Students will
asexually reproduce plants using tissue culture, air layering, grafting, and
other methods.

Unit APS10: Plants in ecosystems (13

Benchmark APS10-1: Students will
discuss the meaning of ecosystems and the roles of plants in such systems.

Benchmark APS10-2: Students will
explain cycles that occur on the earth, including the life cycle of plants and
transfer of energy.

Benchmark APS10-3: Students will
discuss the ecosystems created by the culture of agricultural and horticultural

Benchmark APS10-4: Students will assess
the response of plants to stimuli in natural and artificial environments.

Benchmark APS10-5: Students will
identify relationships between plants and other living organisms.

Unit APS11: Agricultural education (7

Benchmark APS11-1: Students will manage
an appropriate supervised experience in plant biological science.

APS11-2: Students will identify opportunities for participation and advancement
in the FFA related to plant biological science.

Plant & Soil Sciences: Agronomics Specialist - CTTC


Plant & Soil Sciences: Soils Specialist - CTTC

PASS Skills for Science in Oklahoma

National Science Standards

Biotechnology in Agriculture

Agricultural Biotechnology

Experiments in Biotechnology

On-line lesson plan library, CAERT, Inc.

Plant and Soil Science Learning Lab Kits, Ohio State University, Curriculum Materials Service

Agriculture Career Development: Plant Science and Agronomy-CIMC

Soil, Plant and Crop Science-CIMC

Supplemental VHS and DVDs - CIMC

Biological Science Application in Agricultural Curriculum Lesson Plan Library CD-ROM, Center for Agricultural and Environmental Research and Training Inc. (CAERT) 2007

Plant Biology, CEV Multimedia.

Plants and Animals Biology and Production, Lee, Biondo, Hutter, Westram, and Patrick; Prentice Hall Interstate - 2004
Career Majors That Sequence This Course
Career Cluster Pathway Career Major
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Plant and Soil Science Agronomic Plant and Soil Science
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Plant and Soil Science Horticultural Plant and Soil Science