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Agricultural Education
Introduction to Plant and Soil Science
A one-credit course, Introduction to Plant and Soil Science is the first course in the pathway in schools with an agronomic crop emphasis. It is for students who wish to develop knowledge and skills in plant and soil science and may be a prerequisite to other courses in the Plant and Soil Science pathway. Content includes species and importance of plant crops, plants as living organisms, sexual and asexual reproduction, plant growth, and cultural practices in plant crop production, including disease and pest management. Content on soil science includes the meaning, composition, and importance of soil as well as fertility, sustainability, and moisture management. FFA and supervised experience will be included as appropriate.
Kurt Murray
(405) 743-5489
Introduction to Agriscience

Unit PLS1: Importance and use of plants
and plant products (8 hours)

Benchmark PLS1-1: Students will discuss
the importance of plants in meeting human needs.

Benchmark PLS1-2: Students will list
and describe major kinds of plants in the local community, state, nation, and

Benchmark PLS1-3: Students will explain
plant domestication and identify important local domesticated plants.

Benchmark PLS1-4: Students will
identify the roles of technology, including biotechnology, in plant science.

Benchmark PLS1-5: Students will compare
and contrast organic production of crops.

Benchmark PLS1-6: Students will explain
the practices in food crop production that promote food safety.

Unit PLS2: Career entry and advancement
in plant- and soils-related industries (7 hours)

Benchmark PLS2-1: Students will
identify occupations in plant- and soils-related industries and the
competencies needed for occupational entry.

Benchmark PLS2-2: Students will name
and describe important interpersonal skills for success in plant- and
soil-related careers.

Unit PLS3: Plant and soil safety (3

Benchmark PLS3-1: Students will assess
safety situations with plants and soils and choose appropriate safety

Benchmark PLS3-2: Students will
properly select, use, and maintain personal protective equipment when working
with plants and soil.

Unit PLS4: Sustainable plant production
(7 hours)

Benchmark PLS4-1: Students will explain
the meaning and importance of sustainable plant production.

Benchmark PLS4-2: Students will discuss
the meaning and use of resource conservation in plant production.

Benchmark PLS4-3: Students will
identify and explain the use of technology in sustainable plant production.

Unit PLS5: Plant biology (23 hours)

Benchmark PLS5-1: Students will explain
plant life cycles and classify important plants by life cycle.

Benchmark PLS5-2: Students will
identify and explain the functions of the major vegetative parts of plants.

Benchmark PLS5-3: Students will
distinguish between sexual and asexual reproduction of plants.

Benchmark PLS5-4: Students will
identify and explain the functions of major reproductive parts of plants.

Benchmark PLS5-5: Students will explain
the importance of seed in plant reproduction.

Benchmark PLS5-6: Students will name
and explain important methods of asexual plant propagation.

Benchmark PLS5-7: Students will discuss
the importance of plant genetics and breeding.

Unit PLS6: Plant growth (23 hours)

Benchmark PLS6-1: Students will discuss
the cellular structure of plants.

Benchmark PLS6-2: Students will discuss
processes in plant growth.

Benchmark PLS6-3: Students will
identify the role of hormones in plant growth and development.

Benchmark PLS6-4: Students will explain
the meaning and importance of photosynthesis.

Benchmark PLS6-5: Students will name
the nutrients needed for plant growth and development and describe the
functions of major nutrients.

Unit PLS7: Soil science (20 hours)

Benchmark PLS7-1: Students will discuss
the meaning and importance of soil.

Benchmark PLS7-2: Students will
identify the constituents of soil and relationship of constituents to soil

Benchmark PLS7-3: Students will
describe how soil is formed and relate the role of soil horizons.

Benchmark PLS7-4: Students will explain
soil fertility and its relationship to plant productivity.

Benchmark PLS7-5: Students will explain
soil pH and identify ways of modifying pH.

Benchmark PLS7-6: Students will discuss
nutrient diagnostic procedures and make a soil sample.

Benchmark PLS7-7: Students will relate
the meaning and importance of land and its classification.

Benchmark PLS7-8: Students will explain
the meaning and types of soil erosion and discuss methods of reducing soil

Unit PLS8: Plant cultural practices (20

Benchmark PLS8-1: Students will
identify cultural conditions essential for plant productivity and food safety.

Benchmark PLS8-2: Students will
distinguish between traditional and minimum tillage practices.

Benchmark PLS8-3: Students will explain
the meaning and use of fertilizers and soil amendments.

Benchmark PLS 8-4: Students will
explain the meaning and use of integrated pest management.

Benchmark PLS 8-5: Students will
explain the meaning and use of irrigation.

Unit PLS9: Agricultural education (9

Benchmark PLS9-1: Students will manage
an appropriate supervised experience in plant and soil science.

Benchmark PLS9-2: Students will
identify opportunities for participation and advancement in the FFA related to
plant and soil science.

Information on land surveying can be found in the Introduction to Natural
Resources and Environmental Science course.

Agricultural Education I: Core - CTTC


Plant & Soil Sciences: Agronomics Specialist - CTTC

Plant & Soil Sciences: Soils Specialist - CTTC

PASS Skills for Science in Oklahoma

National Science Standards

On-line lesson plan library, CAERT, Inc.

Soil, Plant and Crop Science - CIMC

Agriculture Career Development: Plant Science and Agronomy - CIMC

Supplemental VHS and DVD's - CIMC

Animal, Plant and Soil Science CD-ROM and on-line lesson plan library. 2007. CAERT

Introduction to Plant Science Revised, Parker. 2004. Delmar-Thomson Learning.

Math for Soil Scientists, Thompson and Coyne, 2006. Delmar-Thomson Learning.

Soil Science & Management, 4th Edition, Plaster, 2003. Delmar-Thomson Learning.

Plant Selection, Indentification, and Classification, CEV Multimedia. 2008.

Career Majors That Sequence This Course
Career Cluster Pathway Career Major
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Plant and Soil Science Agronomic Plant and Soil Science