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Course Information
Health Careers Education
Pharmacology for PhT
This course provides the student with an overview of the major categories of classifications of drugs. Emphasis is placed on actions of drugs in the human body as well as trade and generic names.
Lara Skaggs
A. Describe the Evolution of Medicinal Drugs

1. Recognize the important figures, events and resources in the development of pharmacology through the ages.
2. Know what is meant by pharmacology.
3. Define drugs, identify their sources and understand how they work.
4. Be familiar with the federal laws that regulate drugs and the agencies that administer them.
5. Be familiar with the procedure for getting a new drug to market.

B. Describe the Goal of Drug Therapy

1. Understand receptors and their function in mechanisms of drug actions.
2. Be aware of the pharmacokinetics involved in developing and testing drugs.
3. Understand that some drug effects are beneficial while others can be harmful.
4. Be familiar with the common terms used to describe drug interactions.

C. Demonstrate Knowledge of Drug Classifications

1. List the major classes of drugs.
2. Describe the important action and/or therapeutic uses for the major classes of drugs.
3. Describe the most common or most serious adverse effect for the major classes.
4. Describe special dispensing precautions for the major classes of drugs.

D. Describe the Use and Function of Antibiotics

1. Identify the major types of antibiotics by drug class.
2. Know indications for the major antibiotics.
3. Define therapeutic effects, side effects and administration routes of major antibiotics.
4. Use antibiotic and general drug terminology correctly in written and oral communication.

E. Describe the Use and Function of Antivirals, Antiretrovirals and Antifungals

1. Introduce the student to antivirals, antiretrovirals and antifungals.
2. Differentiate antivirals, antiretrovirals, and antifungals by their indications, therapeutic effects, side effects, dosages, and administration.
3. Use antiviral,antiretroviral, and antifungal terminology correctly in written and oral communication.
4. Define difference in mechanisms of action of antibiotics, antivirals, antiretrovirals and antifungals.

F. Describe the Use and Function of Antihistamines, Decongestants, Antitussives and Expectorants

1. Understand the differences in the antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives and expectorants.
2. Know how and when each drug class should be used.
3. Recognize and understand the side effects that may occur with each group.
4. Know why some drugs are prescribed for their side effects.

G. Discuss the Use and Function of Anesthetics, Analgesics and Narcotics

1. Understand the central and peripheral nervous systems, their functions and their relationship to drugs.
2. Become aware of the role of neurotransmitters.
3. Learn how drugs affect body systems and where they work in the body.
4. Understand the concept of general and local anesthesia, and know the functions of these agents.
5. Define the action of neuromuscular blocking agents in reducing muscle activity.
6. Distinguish between narcotic and nonnarcotic analgesia.
7. Become familiar with the various types of agents for migraine headaches.

H. Discuss the Use and Function of Antidepressants, Antipsychotics and Antianxiety Agents

1. Differentiate the antidepressant, antipsychotics and antianxiety agents.
2. Be prepared to discuss the antidepressant classes, their uses and their side effects.
3. Know why and how lithium and other drugs are used in treating bipolar disorders.
4. Be familiar with antipsychotics and the drugs that prevent their side effects.
5. Define anxiety, learn its symptoms, and know the drugs used in its treatment.
6. Recognize the course and treatment of panic disorders, insomnia and alcoholism.

I. Describe the Use and Function of Anticonvulsants and Drugs to Treat other CNS Disorders

1. Develop an understanding of the physiologic processes that occur in epilepsy.
2. Classify seizures and the goals of their therapy.
3. Understand that specific drugs are used in different classes of seizures.
4. Be familiar with Parkinson's disease and the drugs used in its treatment.
5. Know the symptoms of myasthenia gravis, the attention-deficit disorders, ALS, MS,and Alzheimer's and their treatments.

J. Discuss the Use and Function of Respiratory Drugs

1.Differentiate the pulmonary diseases.
2. Learn the pathophysiology and treatmentof asthma.
3. Define the goals of asthma treatment.
4. Discuss the pathophysiology and treatment of emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
5. Learn how pneumonia, cystic fibrosis and respiratory distress syndrome fit into this category of diseases.
6. Be aware of the reemergence of tuberculosis and of treatment for this disease.
7. Outline smoking cessation plans and supportive therapy.

K. Describe the Use and Function of Gastrointestinal Drugs

1. Describe gastrointestinal physiology and how it impact GI disease.
2. Be aware of drug treatment for these diseases.
3. Identify the chemo-receptor trigger zone (CTZ) and its role in nausea.
4. Know which antiemetics act on the CTZ and their mechanisms of action.
5. Describe the role of fiber in the digestive process.
6. Understand gastroesophageal reflux disease and its ramifications.
7. Discuss how antidiarrheals work and the agents in this class.
8. Discuss laxatives, their use and misuse.
9. Explain the use of antiflatulents.
10. Know how to calculate ideal body weightand body mass index, and define obesity.
11. Identify the parasites that invade the human body and treatment for the diseases they cause.

L. Describe the Use and Function of Urinary System Drugs

1. Understand the renal system, its importance and how it works.
2. Differentiate the parts of the renal system.
3. Recognize renal failure and the agentsto treat this progressive disease.
4. Know the causes and treatment of urinary tract infections.
5. Understand the classes of diuretics and how they work.

M. Discuss the Use and Function of Cardiovascular Drugs

1. Understand the cardiovascular system.
2. Differentiate arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, angina and hypertension.
3. Know the drugs and treatment for each separate aspect of heart disease.
4. Recognize anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs and know their functions.
5. Discuss stroke and the drugs used to treat it.
6. Identify hyperlipidemia and its role in heart disease and stroke.

N. Describe the Use and Function of Muscle Relaxants, Nonnarcotic Analgesics and Drugs for Arthritis

1. Define muscle relaxants.
2. Identify muscle relaxants and their various mechanisms of action.
3. Identify the nonnarcotic analgesics, and describe their uses and mechanisms of action.
4. Define rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
5. Identify agents used to threat arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis;and gout; their usage and side effects.

O. Discuss the Use and Function of Hormones

1. Explain the concept of hormones and how they regulate the body.
2. Discuss thyroid replacement therapy.
3. Discuss adrenal sex hormones and male dysfunction.
4. Understand the concept of estrogen replacement therapy.
5. Understand the formulation of oral contraceptives.
6. Describe the diseases of the genital systems and how to avoid them.
7. Discuss corticosteroids.
8. Understand diabetes and the proper treatment and care of patients.
9. Know the applications for growth hormone.

P. Describe the Use and Function of Topicals, Ophthalmics and Otics

1. Describe the skin as an organ.
2. Understand the physiology of the skin.
3. Recognize the classes of antiseptics and disinfectants.
4. Identify the parasites that infest the skin.
5. Know the topical drugs and the conditions they treat.
6. Explain the action of the topical corticosteroids and their application.
7. Recognize the ophthalmic and otic agents and their uses.

Q. Discuss the Use and Function of Recombinant Drugs and Chemotherapy

1. Understand recombinant DNA and the process for producing medications in this manner.
2. Identify colony-stimulating factors and their uses.
3. Understand the immune system and how it works.
4. Summarize the body's defenses.
5. Identify neoplastic disease and the classifications of drugs used in its treatment.

R. Describe the Use and Function of Vitamins, Nutritional Supplements, Natural Supplements, Antidotes and CODE Blue Emergencies

1. Understand total parenteral nutrition, its purposes, ingredients, stability and complications.
2. Discuss and calculate electrolyte levels.
3. Recognize herbs, their values, uses and dangers.
4. List various types of emergencies and general guidelines for handling them.
5. Understand the importance of the Blue Alert cart, its supplies and its maintenance.

Pharmacy Technician - CTTC

Pharmacy Technician - PTCB
Pharmacy Technician Certification Board
Pharmacology Skills - CIMC
Career Majors That Sequence This Course
Career Cluster Pathway Career Major
Health Science Therapeutic Services Advanced Pharmacy Technician
Health Science Therapeutic Services Pharmacy Clerk
Health Science Therapeutic Services Pharmacy Technician