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Course Information
Health Careers Education
Psychosocial Dysfunction and Treatment in Occupational Therapy
This course includes the principles and techniques of evaluation and treatment for individuals who present emotional, cognitive and psychosocial problems. Intervention strategies with selected individuals with psychosocial disturbances are covered. Emphasis is placed on oral and written documentation of client behavior and treatment techniques.
Cindy Schneider
Foundational Content Requirements

-Demonstrate oral and written communication skills.

-Employ logical thinking, critical analysis, problem solving and creativity.

-Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the concepts of human behavior to include the behavior and social sciences.

-Demonstrate knowledge and appreciation of the role of sociocultural, socioeconomic, diversity factors, and lifestyle choices in contemporary society.

-Appreciate the influence of social conditions and the ethical context in which humans choose and engage in occupations.

Basic Tenets of Occupational Therapy

-Understand the meaning and dynamics of occupational and purposeful activity including the interaction of performance areas, performance, components and performance contexts.

-Acknowledge and understand the importance of the balance of performance areas to the achievement of health and wellness.

-Understand and appreciate the role of occupation in the promotion of health and the prevention of disease and disability for the individual, family and society.

-Understand the effects of health, disability, disease processes, and traumatic injury to the individual within the context of family and society.

-Demonstrate appreciation for the individual's perception of quality of life, well being and occupation to promote health and prevention of injury and disease.

-Understand the need for and use of compensatory strategies when desired life and task cannot be performed.

-Be familiar with the theories, models of practice and frames of reference that underlie the practice of occupational therapy.

Screening and Evaluation

-Gather and share data for the purpose of screening and evaluation including, but not limited to, specified screening assessments, skilled observation, checklists, histories, interviews with the client/family/significant others, and consultations with other professionals.

-Administer selected assessments and use occupation for the purpose of assessment.

-Document occupational therapy services to ensure accountability of service provision and to meet standards for reimbursement of services.

Documentation shall effectively communicate the need and rationale for occupational therapy services.

Intervention and Implementation

-Select, adapt, and sequence relevant occupations and purposeful activities that support the intervention goals and plan as written by the occupational therapist. These occupations and purposeful activities shall be directly related to performance areas, performance components and performance contexts. They shall be meaningful to the client, maximizing participation and independence.

-Use individual and group interaction and therapeutic use of self as a means of achieving therapeutic goals.

-Adapt the environment, tools, materials, and occupations to the needs of clients and their sociocultural context.

-Develop and promote the use of appropriate home and community programming to support performance in the client's natural environment.

-Demonstrate the ability to educate and train client/family/significant others to facilitate skills in performance areas as well as prevention, health maintenance, and safety.

-Demonstrate the ability to interact through written, oral and nonverbal communication with client/family/significant others, colleagues, other health providers and the public.

-Use therapeutic adaptation with occupations pertinent to the needs of the client. This shall include, but not be limited to, family/care provider training, environment and behavioral modifications, orthotics, prosthetics, assistive devices, equipment and other technologies.

-Demonstrate the ability to use safety precautions with the client during therapeutic interventions, such as contraindications and use of infection control standards that include, but are not limited to, universal precautions.

-Modify intervention approaches to reflect the changing needs of the client.

-Demonstrate the ability to refer to specialists, internal and external to the profession, for consultation and intervention.

-Monitor and reassess the effect of occupational therapy intervention and the need for continued and/or modified intervention.

-Facilitate discharge planning by reviewing the needs of client/family/significant others, resources, and discharge environment. This includes, but is not limited to, identification of community, human and fiscal resources, recommendations for environmental adaptations, and home programming.

-Recommend the need for termination of occupational therapy services when stated outcomes have been achieved. This includes a summary of occupational therapy outcomes, appropriate recommendations and referrals, and discussion with the client of post-discharge needs.

-Document occupational therapy services to ensure accountability of service provision and to meet standards for reimbursement of services.

-Documentation shall effectively communicate the need and rationale for occupational therapy services and must be appropriate to the system in which the service is delivered.

Context of Service Delivery

-Understand the models of health care, education, community and social systems as they relate to the practice of occupational therapy.

-Understand the role and responsibility of the practitioner to address changes in service delivery policies and to effect changes in the system.

Assist in Management of Occupational Therapy Services

-Demonstrate knowledge of and ability to comply with the various reimbursement mechanisms that affect the practice of occupational therapy, including, but not limited to, federal and state reimbursement practices and third party and private payers.

-Use principles of time management, including being able to schedule and prioritize workloads.

-Maintain and organize treatment areas, equipment, and supply inventory.

-Maintain records as required by practice setting, third-party payers, and regulatory agencies.

-Demonstrate program evaluation using predetermined criteria.

Professional Ethics, Values and Responsibilities

-Develop an understanding of personal and professional abilities and competencies as they relate to job responsibilities.

-Demonstrate knowledge of advocacy for the benefit of the consumer and the profession.

Occupational Therapist Registered OTR - NBCOT


Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant COTA - NBCOT
National Board for Certification in Occupational

Occupational Therapist Registered OTR - NBCOT


Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant COTA - NBCOT

Career Cluster Resources for Health Sciences
Career Majors That Sequence This Course
Career Cluster Pathway Career Major
Health Science Therapeutic Services Occupational Therapy Assistant