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Course Information
Health Careers Education
Surgical First Assistant Pharmacology & Anesthesia
This course is designed to review and enhance an understanding of the preoperative and intraoperative effects of drugs used in surgery. The student will understand the general principles of anesthesia, drugs, methods of administration, and their effects on the patient.
Cindy Schneider
1. Identify and components of preoperative patientassessment.
2. Describe the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of patients.
3. Assessthe uses and actions of preoperative medications and fluids.
4. Explain special consideration for the psychological preparation of a patient for sugery.
5. Analyze the effects of general anesthesia on the brain.
6. Discuss the characteristics of intravenous induction agents.
7. Analyze the methods and rationale for endotracheal intubation.
8. Analyze the physiologicaleffects of general anesthetic agents.
9. Describe neuromuscular blocking agents.
10.Compare the function of various monitoring devices used for surgical patients.
11.Analyze complications and treatment of patients receiving general anesthesia.
12.Discuss implications and agents for the following types of anesthesia:
-spinal and low spinal/saddle,
-nerve and plexus block,
13.Compare agents, duration, doses, physiologic effects and dangers of local infiltration anesthetic agents and topical anesthetic agents.
14.Describe alternate methods of anesthesia.
15.Analyze postoperative airway and respiratory management.
16.Analyze postoperative hemodynamic management.
17.Explain the implications for pain management for the surgical patient, including:
-intraoperative subcutaneous injection of local anesthetic,
-intraoperative application of pain-control devices,
-intramuscular nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID),
-spinal/epidural narcotics,
-patient/controlled analgesia (PCA)
18.Analyze the postoperative transportation needs for various types of patients.
19.Discuss the role of the Surgical First Assistant in coordinating and transporting postoperative patients.
20.Discuss the role of the the Surgical First Assistant regarding drug regulations.
21.Discuss essential aspects about adverse reactions to medications.
22.Describe medication therapeutic levels.
23.Demonstrate use of military time in documentation.
24.Accurately complete dosage calculations.
25.Discuss the impact of new technologies in pharaceuticals.
26.Describe the risks and benefits of antibiotic therapy for the surgical patient.
27.Explain the use of contrast media and dyes.
28.Explain the classifications and use of antineoplastic chemotherapy agents.
29.Explain the types and implications for use of fluids and irrigation solutions.
30.Discuss the classifications of drugs and actions on the following body systems:
31.Describe specific medications and indications for use of the following categories of medications:
-Obstetric Agents
-Hormones, Steroids
-Ophthalmic agents
-Emergency drugs
-Herbal medications
-Dietary supplements.

Certified First Assistant - NBSTSA

Certified First Assistant - NBSTSA

Career Cluster Resources for Health Sciences
National Board of Surgical Technology and
Surgical Assisting

-Pharmacology Handbook for the
Surgical Technologist
-Alexander's Care of the Patient in
-Surgical Technology Series - MAVCC

Career Majors That Sequence This Course
Career Cluster Pathway Career Major
Health Science Therapeutic Services Surgical First Assistant